CaliforniaPrehistory.com==>    Maps==>   Tribal Map


Native Tribes, Groups, Language Families and Dialects of California in 1770
(after A.L. Kroeber 1925). Adapted from Heizer (1966: Map 4).

A detailed key appears below the map.

Key (Note: some designations have changed since Kroeber's 1925 compilation)

Athabascan Family

Oregon Group
    1a. Rogue River

Tolowa Group
    1b. Tolowa.

Hupa Group
    1c. Hupa
    1d. Whilkut

Matole Group
    1e. Matole

Wailaki Group
    1f. Nongatl
    1g. Lassik
    1h. Shelter Cove Sinkyone
    1i. Lolangkok Sinkyone
    1j. Eel River Wailaki
    1k. Pitch Wailaki
    1l. North Fork Wailaki
    1m. Kato

Bear River Group
    1n. Bear River

Algonkin Family
Yurok
    2a. Yurok
    2b. Coast Yurok

    3. Wiyot

Yukian Family
    4a. Yuki
    4b. Huchnom
    4c. Coast Yuki
    4d. Wappo
Hokan Family

Shastan
    6a. Shasta
    6b. New River Shasta
    6c. Konomihu
    6d. Okwanuchu
    6e. Achomawi (Pit River)
    6f. Atsugewi (Hat Creek)

Yana
    7a. Northern Yana
    7b. Central Yana
    7c. Southern Yana
    7d. Yahi
    8. Karok
    9. Chimariko

Pomo
    10a. Northern
    10b. Central
    10c. Eastern
    10d. Southeastern
    10e. Northeastern
    10f. Southern
    10g. Southwestern

    11. Washo

    12. Esselen

Salinan
    13a. Antoniano
    13b. Migueleño
    13c. Playano (doubtful)

Chumash
    14a. Obispeño
    14b. Purisimeño
    14c. Ynezeño
    14d. Barbareño
    14e. Ventureño
    14f. Emigdiano
    14g. Cuyama
    14h. Island

Yuman
    15a. Northern (Western)
                Diegueño
    15b. Mountain Diegueño
    15c. Southern (Eastern or
                Desert) Diegueño
    15d. Kamia
    15e. Yuma
    15f. Halchidhoma & Kohuana
                (now Chemehuevi)
    15g. Mohave
Penutian Family

Wintun
  Dialect Groups
    16a. Northern (Wintu)
    16b. Central (Nomlaki)
    16c. Hill (Patwin)
    16d. River (Patwin)

Maidu
  Dialect Groups
    17a. Northeastern
    17b. Northwestern
    17c. Southern (Nisenan)

Miwok
    18a. Coast
    18b. Lake
    18c. Bay (Saclan)
    18d. Plains
    18e. Northern Sierra
    18f. Central Sierra
    18g. Southern Sierra

Costanoan
    19a. San Pablo (Karkin)
    19b. San Francisco
    19c. Santa Clara
    19d. Santa Cruz
    19e. San Juan Bautista (Mutsun)
    19f. Rumsen (Monterey)
    19g. Soledad

Yokuts
  Dialect Groups
    20a. Northern Valley (Chulamni,
                Chauchila, etc.)
    20b. Southern Valley (Tachi,
                Yauelmani, etc.)
    20c. Northern Hill (Chukchansi,
                etc.)
    20d. Kings River (Chionimni, etc.)
    20e. Tule-Kaweah (Yaudanchi, etc.)
    20f. Poso Creek (Paleuyamni)
    20g. Buena Vista (Tulamni, etc.)

Modoc
    20h. Modoc
Uto-Aztekan (Shoshonean) Family

Plateau Branch

  Mono-Bannock Group
    21a. Northern Paiute (Paviotso)
    21b. Owens Valley Paiute
    21c. Mono Lake Paiute
    21d. Monache (Western Mono)

  Shoshoni-Comanche Group
    21e. Panamint Shoshone (Koso)

  Ute-Chemehuevi Group
    21f, Chemehuevi (Southern Paiute)
    21g. Kawaiisu (Tecachapi)

Kern River Branch

    21h. Tübatulabal (& Bankalachi)

Southern California Branch

  Serrano Group
    21i. Kitanemuk (Tajon)
    21j. Alliklik
    21k. Möhineyam (Vanyume)
    21l. Serrano

  Gabrielino Group
    21m. Fernandeño
    21n. Gabrielino
    21o. Nicholeño

  Luiseño-Cahuilla Group
    21p. Juaneño
    21q. Luiseño
    21r. Cupeño
    21s. Pass Cahuilla
    21t. Mountain Cahuilla
    21u. Desert Cahuilla




REFERENCES

Heizer, R.F. 1966. Languages, Territories, and Names of California Indian Tribes. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Kroeber, A.L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 78.




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